Historical Performance (online)

    Library of Congress Number: ISSN 1527-9715
    ©2000 Early Music America
    All rights reserved

    Issue No. 1, January 2000

    Why I Hate Vallotti (or is it Young?)
    by Ross W. Duffin
    Fynette H. Kulas Professor of Music
    Case Western Reserve University
    Cleveland, Ohio


    Modern performers of Baroque music are increasingly using historical temperaments. Among the dozens of temperament solutions proposed by theorists during the 17th and 18th centuries, related temperaments by Francesc' Antonio Vallotti and Thomas Young are among the most popular today, to the point where they arguably dominate the field.

    This article briefly reviews the technical basis for temperaments, then presents the historical and musical evidence for and against the temperaments of Vallotti and Young in performances of Baroque music. Graphics and sound illustrations allow comparison of the different temperaments both by constituent intervals and complete pieces.

    On both historical and musical grounds, the author pleads for a more critical approach to Baroque temperament choices, suggesting that 1/6 comma meantone might be a better temperament for most ensemble situations.